Drupal 7 – Setup Ubuntu/nginx/sqlite3

All commands as sudo (sudo su) unless otherwise stated.
  1. Install nginx
    • apt-get install nginx
    • /etc/init.d/nginx start
  2. Install sqlite3
    • apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev
  3. Install php5
    • apt-get install php5-fpm
    • vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default (update for php conf)

      server {
      listen 80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
      listen [::]:80 default ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6

      root /usr/share/nginx/www;
      index index.php index.html index.htm;

      server_name _;

      location / {
      # First attempt to serve request as file, then
      # as directory, then fall back to index.html
      try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
      # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
      # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules
      }

      location /doc/ {
      alias /usr/share/doc/;
      autoindex on;
      allow 127.0.0.1;
      deny all;
      }

      # Only for nginx-naxsi : process denied requests
      #location /RequestDenied {
      # For example, return an error code
      #return 418;
      #}

      #error_page 404 /404.html;

      # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
      #
      error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
      location = /50x.html {
      root /usr/share/nginx/www;
      }

      # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
      #
      location ~ .php$ {
      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fastcgi_params;
      }

      # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root
      # concurs with nginx’s one
      #
      #location ~ /.ht {
      # deny all;
      #}
      }

    • /etc/init.d/nginx restart
    • Test with info.php (<?php phpinfo(); ?>)
    • Install php extensions for db and gd (needed for drupal)
      • apt-get install php5-gd
      • apt-get install php5-sqlite
      • /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
  4. Install drupal
    • apt-get install php-apc
    • /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
    • mkdir -p /var/www/drupal/web
    • wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-7.x.tar.gz
    • tar xvfz drupal-7.x.tar.gz
    • cd drupal-7.x/
    • mv * /var/www/drupal/web/
    • chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/drupal/web (gives nginx user perms to dir)
    • vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/drupal

      server {
      listen 80;
      server_name example.com;
      root /var/www/drupal/web;
      index index.php index.html;
      location = /favicon.ico {
      log_not_found off;
      access_log off;
      }
      location = /robots.txt {
      allow all;
      log_not_found off;
      access_log off;
      }
      # Make sure files with the following extensions do not get loaded by nginx because nginx would display the source code, and these files can contain PASSWORDS!
      location ~* .(engine|inc|info|install|make|module|profile|test|po|sh|.*sql|theme|tpl(.php)?|xtmpl)$|^(..*|Entries.*|Repository|Root|Tag|Template)$|.php_ {
      deny all;
      }
      # Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac).
      location ~ /. {
      deny all;
      access_log off;
      log_not_found off;
      }
      location / {
      try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
      }
      location ~* .(jpg|jpeg|png|gif|css|js|ico)$ {
      expires max;
      log_not_found off;
      }
      location ~ .php$ {
      try_files $uri =404;
      include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      }
      }

    • ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/drupal /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/drupal (symlink)
    • /etc/init.d/nginx restart
    • Visit drupal url and complete site config
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