Drupal 7 – Setup Ubuntu/nginx/sqlite3

All commands as sudo (sudo su) unless otherwise stated.
  1. Install nginx
    • apt-get install nginx
    • /etc/init.d/nginx start
  2. Install sqlite3
    • apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev
  3. Install php5
    • apt-get install php5-fpm
    • vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default (update for php conf)

      server {
      listen 80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
      listen [::]:80 default ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6

      root /usr/share/nginx/www;
      index index.php index.html index.htm;

      server_name _;

      location / {
      # First attempt to serve request as file, then
      # as directory, then fall back to index.html
      try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
      # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
      # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules
      }

      location /doc/ {
      alias /usr/share/doc/;
      autoindex on;
      allow 127.0.0.1;
      deny all;
      }

      # Only for nginx-naxsi : process denied requests
      #location /RequestDenied {
      # For example, return an error code
      #return 418;
      #}

      #error_page 404 /404.html;

      # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
      #
      error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
      location = /50x.html {
      root /usr/share/nginx/www;
      }

      # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
      #
      location ~ .php$ {
      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fastcgi_params;
      }

      # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root
      # concurs with nginx’s one
      #
      #location ~ /.ht {
      # deny all;
      #}
      }

    • /etc/init.d/nginx restart
    • Test with info.php (<?php phpinfo(); ?>)
    • Install php extensions for db and gd (needed for drupal)
      • apt-get install php5-gd
      • apt-get install php5-sqlite
      • /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
  4. Install drupal
    • apt-get install php-apc
    • /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
    • mkdir -p /var/www/drupal/web
    • wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-7.x.tar.gz
    • tar xvfz drupal-7.x.tar.gz
    • cd drupal-7.x/
    • mv * /var/www/drupal/web/
    • chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/drupal/web (gives nginx user perms to dir)
    • vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/drupal

      server {
      listen 80;
      server_name example.com;
      root /var/www/drupal/web;
      index index.php index.html;
      location = /favicon.ico {
      log_not_found off;
      access_log off;
      }
      location = /robots.txt {
      allow all;
      log_not_found off;
      access_log off;
      }
      # Make sure files with the following extensions do not get loaded by nginx because nginx would display the source code, and these files can contain PASSWORDS!
      location ~* .(engine|inc|info|install|make|module|profile|test|po|sh|.*sql|theme|tpl(.php)?|xtmpl)$|^(..*|Entries.*|Repository|Root|Tag|Template)$|.php_ {
      deny all;
      }
      # Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac).
      location ~ /. {
      deny all;
      access_log off;
      log_not_found off;
      }
      location / {
      try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
      }
      location ~* .(jpg|jpeg|png|gif|css|js|ico)$ {
      expires max;
      log_not_found off;
      }
      location ~ .php$ {
      try_files $uri =404;
      include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      }
      }

    • ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/drupal /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/drupal (symlink)
    • /etc/init.d/nginx restart
    • Visit drupal url and complete site config
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Using Git Deploy Keys for automating remote deployments

You can use Git Deploy Keys to avoid needing to remote onto servers, pull, enter creds and restart the server.

  1. Create your deploy keys in git (see https://help.github.com/articles/managing-deploy-keys)
  2. Add the key to your server
  3. Git clone/set remote for project via ssh
    • git clone git@github-project1:orgname/some_repository.git
  4. Write scripts to start/stop/pull your app
  5. Call the script remotely via ssh
    • ssh user@99.99.99.99 ‘source ~/.bash_profile;
      ~/user/myscript.sh’

Traps:

  • use user “git” in /.ssh/config for the host reference, otherwise github will reject requests
  • include ‘source ~/.bash_profile’ (or .bashrc, /etc/profile) in your script call to include environmental variables (ssh uses a very limited set by default)